PRE-TUNED ECM'S HAVE NOT BEEN PROGRAMMED WITH INJECTOR FLOW RATES BECAUSE YOUR TRUCKS’
FLOW RATES ARE STORED IN THE GLOW PLUG MODULE “ON YOUR TRUCK”.
IF YOUR TRUCK
DOES NOT RUN CORRECTLY OR YOU GET AN UNRESETABLE CHECK ENGINE LIGHT INJECTOR CODES… THEN
PLEASE FOLLOW THIS PROCEDURE.
PLEASE NOTE: THIS PROGRAMMING CAN BE PERFORMED BY
ANY AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE SHOP THAT USES A TECH-II DIAGNOSTICS SCANNER YOUR VEHICLE WILL RUN FINE UNTIL
THIS PROCEDURE IS PERFORMED
Injector Flow Rate Programming
The control functions for the fuel injection system are integrated
in the engine control module (ECM). Each injector's flow rate information and
cylinder position are stored in the memory of both the glow plug control module
(GPCM) and the ECM. The fuel injector flow rate programming must be done when
any of the following procedures are performed:
• The ECM is replaced
• The GPCM is replaced
• Any fuel injectors are replaced
If the ECM does not communicate, the
flow rate information can be retrieved from
the GPCM. If both control modules fail to communicate,
the fuel injector flow rate information, or injection quantity adjustment (IQA)
flow rate numbers, will need to be retrieved from
each individual injector.
Before Programming A Control Module
Important: DO NOT program a control module unless you are directed by a service
procedure or you are directed by a General Motors Corporation service bulletin.
Programming a control module at any other time will not permanently correct a
Ensure the following conditions are met before programming a control module:
• Vehicle system voltage
- There is no charging system concern. All charging system concerns must be
repaired before programming a control module.
- Battery voltage is between 12-16 volts. The
battery must be charged before programming the control module if the battery
voltage is low.
- A battery charger is NOT connected to the vehicle battery. Incorrect system
voltage or voltage fluctuations from
a battery charger may cause programming failure or control module damage.
- Turn OFF or disable any of the following systems that may put a load on the
• Twilight sentinel
• Interior lights
• Daytime running lights (DRL)--Applying the parking brake, on most vehicles,
disables the DRL system. Refer to the Owner's Manual.
• HVAC systems
• Engine cooling fans, etc.
• The ignition switch is in the proper position--The scan tool prompts you to turn ON the ignition, with the engine
OFF. DO NOT change the position of the ignition switch during the programming
procedure, unless instructed to do so.
• All of the following tool connections are secure:
- The connection at the data link connector (DLC)
- The voltage supply circuits
• DO NOT disturb the tool harnesses while programming. If an interruption
occurs during the programming procedure, programming failure or control module
damage may occur.
Review the Display ECM & GPCM Inj. Flow Rates parameter with a scan
tool. All cylinders should be programmed with a flow rate number. Both the GPCM
and the ECM should be programmed with the same flow rate numbers for the
Important: If the flow rate number is not available in either control
module, the numbers will need to be retrieved from
each individual injector.
With a scan tool installed, enter the vehicle information and select the
• Special Functions
• Fuel System
• Injector Flow Rate Programming
• Display ECM & GPCM Inj. Flow Rates
Record all flow rate numbers with the corresponding cylinders from the control modules.
Important: When installing a new fuel injector, ensure that the IQA data number
from the yellow IQA Data Tag,
shipped with the new injector, is programmed to the correct cylinder
⇒ If any injectors are replaced,
go to Reprogram Injector Flow Rates parameter and enter the flow rate number of
the new injector to the corresponding cylinder. The flow rate numbers will automatically update both control modules.
⇒ If the ECM was replaced, go to
Copy GPCM Flow Rates to ECM parameter and reprogram the ECM. This will update
the ECM with the GPCM flow rate numbers.
⇒ If the GPCM was replaced or the
flow rate numbers are not the same for both modules, go to Copy ECM Flow Rates
to GPCM parameter and reprogram the GPCM. This will update the GPCM with the
ECM flow rate numbers.
⇒ If both control modules were
replaced, go to Reprogram Injector Flow Rates parameter and enter the
previously recorded flow rate numbers or the numbers retrieved from each individual injector, to the corresponding
Important: The ECM and the GPCM must be allowed to completely
power down after programming is complete.
Install any components or connectors
that have been removed or replaced during diagnosis.
Perform any adjustment, programming or setup procedures that are required when
a component or module is removed or
Turn ON the ignition, with the engine OFF, and clear the DTCs.
Disconnect the scan tool and turn OFF the ignition for 2 minutes.
If the repair was related to a DTC, duplicate the Conditions for Running the
DTC and use the Freeze Frame/Failure Records, if applicable, in order to verify
the DTC does not reset. If the DTC resets or another DTC is present, refer to
the Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) List - Vehicle and perform the appropriate
If the repair was symptom related,
duplicate the conditions under which the customer
concern occurred to verify the repair. If the customer
concern reoccurs, return to Symptoms
- Vehicle and perform the appropriate symptom